Panel "Failed States in Sub-Saharan Africa: Causes, Consequences and Potential Interventions"
EADI General Conference, Bonn, 22 September 2005
Barbara Becker, Executive Manager, Network for International Development and Cooperation NIDECO, ETH Zurich
Gabi Hesselbein, Senior Research Fellow, Center for Comparative and International Studies CIS, ETH Zurich (Abstract, PDF 34kb; Presentation, PDF 67kb)
James Putzel, Director, Crisis States Research Centre, London School of Economics and Political Sciences LSE (Abstract, PDF 37kb; Presentation, PDF 67kb)
Jean-Pierre Lindiro Kabirigi, Pole Institute, Goma, Democratic Republic of Congo (Abstract, PDF 36kb; Presentation, PDF 54kb)
Salman Bal, Assistant to the Representative on Conflict Issues, Swiss Federal Department of Foreign Affairs, Berne (Abstract, PDF 37kb; Presentation, PDF 52kb)
Summary by Roger Pfister, Scientific Assistant, Network for International Development and Cooperation NIDECO, ETH Zurich (Summary, PDF 30kb)
The CIS group "International Relations" has been investigating state failure in sub-Saharan Africa as a phenomenon of particularly severe political instability and insecurity. State failure means the dissolution of central political and economic institutions, and the struggle among competing groups for authority or governance in parts of a given territory, for the exercise of the monopoly of violence, and for the extraction of resources (e.g. natural resources, taxes). It is hypothesised that the origins of state failure are not country-specific but are similar across African countries. The research project, carried out in collaboration with the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC) and the World Bank, concentrates on the ability of the modern sector economy to integrate subsistence economies. It is claimed that deficiencies or failure of such integration promote political fragmentation and ultimately state failure. The author of the study, Gabi Hesselbein, introduced the subject. Three selected panel members will comment the presentation. After a response by G. Hesselbein, the floor opened for discussion with the participants.
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